ZES Glossary

ZES Glossary

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Abnormal Psychology

a branch of psychology concerned with mental and emotional disorders (as neuroses, psychoses, and mental retardation) and with certain incompletely understood normal phenomena (as dreams and hypnosis).

When pertaining to troubled teens, abnormal psychology is an important subject. Abnormal psychology such as psychological, emotional and behavioral disorders are difficult for parents and other authority figures to diagnose and/ or provide treatment for. Only the treatment of therapeutic professionals and troubled teen specialists will provide the necessary therapeutic treatment for troubled teens struggling within the spectrum of abnormal psychology.

Parents of a troubled teenage boy or girl who suffer from a disorder that falls under the realm of abnormal psychology, please understand that immediate treatment is absolutely necessary.

Therapeutic options such as, therapeutic boarding schools, group homes, residential treatment programs and wilderness therapy programs for troubled teens, are all viable options for parents in search of abnormal psychology specialists.




Abuse is defined as the improper usage or treatment of an entity, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit. Abuse can come in many forms, such as physical or verbal maltreatment, injury, assault, violation, rape, unjust practices: crimes or other types of aggression.

Abuse is a negative and real threat that many people face. Child abuse is a problem that is continually occurring. The main types of child abuse are physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglecting. When these types of abuse occur in a home, they often go unnoticed. The stress and fear of the abuse will usually cause the victim to remain quite about the problem.

It is a difficult problem to find out and assess, but there are solutions. It is important that people are aware of signs of abuse. They may include unexplained injuries, changes in behavior, fear of going home, changes in eating and sleeping and lack of personal care or hygiene.

Abuse treatment programs

When pertaining to troubled teens, treatment abuse programs come in vastly different forms. Treatment of troubled teens is often specialized and cater to specific needs in troubled youth. The specific treatment a teenage boy or girl needs greatly depends upon what kind of addictions they suffer from and what kind of negative behavior they are displaying at home.

There are now more abuse treatment programs than ever. This is mostly due to the fact that there are more distractions such as drugs, media and disillusionment that plague our Nation's youth today.

Depending on what kind of disorders, addictions or therapeutic needs a child has, there are nearly limitless options for parents to choose from. Treatment options such as, boot camps, residential ranch programs, wilderness therapy, and even boarding schools are popular choices among parents of troubled teens.

Since there are so many choices for parents of troubled youth to choose from, is crucial for parents of troubled teens to do all the research they can on potential treatment for their child.

Academic Advisor

Academic Advisor

/ac·a·dem·ic/ /ad·vis·or/

n. Noun

An academic advisor is defined as an expert that typically gives advice for anything relating to studies or education. They are there to help students find direction with their academics and schooling to help achieve the learning goals of each student they advise.

An academic advisor is someone that any person whose goal is to learn and grow academically can go to for academic issues that can impact progress in learning. An academic advisor should be every student’s support so that they can achieve the greatest learning experience as possible.

Usually, an academic advisor is an expert on a specific learning program such as a college or university and is there to inform and answer questions about the particular program. It is smart to visit with and counsel with the academic advisor so that the questions you may have relating to schooling can be answered.




n. Noun

Academics is related to education. Its definition is anything relating to studies that are liberal or classical rather and also technical or vocational.

Today in the world of academia new demands for structure and curriculum are a usual case. The Academic programs today are constantly being improved. However, academics will always relate somehow to the self-improvement of a person's mind through the use of different types of studying and also through technical and practical work.

Academics also relates to the belonging to or the relating to a place of learning more specifically: college, university or academy and also any place of the furthering towards a higher education of any degree.


The American Society of Addiction Medicine defines addiction as "Addiction is characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response."

Similar to other chronic diseases, addiction may involve cycles of relapse and a mental state of remission. If untreated, or serious attempts of recovery, the progression of addiction can easily result in dire, sometimes fatal, consequences.

Addiction can take many forms, from eating disorders to drug addiction and even gambling. Whatever the affliction, or choice of addiction, the teenage psyche and overall well being is at greater risk than that of a fully developed adult. Teens who don't receive adequate rehabilitation for their addiction are almost certain to carry their addictive qualities into adulthood.

Parents of a teenage boy or girl suffering from addiction should seek viable treatment options immediately before the addiction progresses further.





The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines the term adolescent as a young person living in the transitional period between the years of puberty and adulthood until they reach the age of full maturity.

Adolescents or teenagers, are living in a turbulent and trying time in a person's lifetime. If ill prepared, teens may flounder or display negative behaviors at home. Adolescents are prone to negative behaviors such as, drug and alcohol abuse and other chemical dependencies, sexual misconduct or acting out, failing grades at school and disrespect towards authority. It is for this reason that parents of adolescents need to be particularly mindful when they reach their teenage years.

If a teenager is struggling during thus time of adolescence it, is crucial for parents to seek the right care for their son or daughter.    During this time, people are typically more susceptible to negative behaviors and dangerous habits.

Adventure programs

/ad·ven·ture/ /pro·gram/

Adventure programs are a therapeutic option for troubled teens, usually located outdoors, that assist youth in treating various behavioral and psychological disorders. One expert describes adventure therapy: "Adventure therapy is the use adventure-based activities and/or adventure-based theory to provide people with emotional and/or behavioral problems with experiences which lead to positive change in their lives."

Adventure therapy is relatively popular among parents of troubled teens, and is considered alternate choice to services such as, programs and boarding schools for troubled teens.

Adventure therapy originated roughly 50 years ago, as a part of the wilderness adventure movement during the 1960's. Since then, it has evolved into a therapeutic treatment option for parents of troubled teens to utilize. Adventure therapy involves the combination of physically and psychologically demanding activities, usually (but not always) conducted in a group setting. Adventure therapy is usually based on the principles of experiential education, but draws on traditions from counseling, psychology, social work, and education.



a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as an industrial solvent and as fuel.

When ingested, alcohol can be a deadly intoxicant. Teens and adults alike are more prone to make fateful and negative choices while drinking alcohol. A deadly intoxicant, alcohol has destroyed and ripped apart the lives of millions and yet, remains to be the drug of choice of troubled teens nationwide.

Teenage minds are not yet able to fully appreciate the dangers that coincide with drinking. When drunk, teenagers commit and act out heinous activities which they would normally never commit or act out. Teenage pregnancy, driving under the influence, fighting and other consequences are more likely to occur while teens drink.

Parents of teenage boys or girls who drink occasionally or struggle with the addiction of alcohol, need to seek immediate treatment for their son or daughter.

Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol Abuse

/al.co.hol/ /a.buse/

 The definition of Alcohol Abuse is the intake of a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks improperly or in a negative view or purpose.

There are many different types of alcohol, and the misuse of these types of substances can be very dangerous and can be the cause of many different problems.  This type of abuse can lead to many different types of impairments or distress.  

Along with physical problems that can come from recurrent drug abuse there are many other types of problems that can occur.  One effect can be a lack of interest in schooling and work.  The failure to fulfill roles and obligations in different settings of life can also occur.   Also, a poor performance in daily actions that may lead to legal problems.

It is important to face Alcohol abuse as soon as possible and in an appropriate manner.  There are many different programs that are available to help fix these types of problems to rehabilitate someone’s life.  

Anger issues

Anger issues

/ an·ger/ / is·sue/

Anger issues can be classified as either a personal problem or also an emotional disorder through a strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure or hostility.

Anger can be the cause of many different situations and events. Feeling anger is a normal emotion that people feel in many ways. However, there comes a point where the feeling of anger in a person can become a problem. When anger becomes uncontrollable or is very frequent, it can cause different problems.

In the process of trying to correct anger disorders, a person can become involved in other problems as well. Problems such as eating disorders, depression, and risky behavior like refusing to go to school, becoming isolated, harming others or even substance abuse. These things may seem to remove focus from the anger issues but are greater issues in themselves.

It is important that as you discover signs of anger issues that you find the right help immediately through the help of counseling, therapy, or other related treatment programs.



Merriam- Webster dictionary defines anxiety as: : an abnormal and overwhelming sense of apprehension and fear often marked by physiological signs (as sweating, tension, and increased pulse), by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the threat, and by self-doubt about one's capacity to cope with it

Anxiety is a very common ailment that almost everyone experiences on an almost daily basis. However, anxiety effects some more than others and can cause severe emotional distress that is too much for an individual to handle.

When anxiety plagues an individual so severely that it becomes a disorder, it is crucial that this individual receives therapeutic and emotional restoration in the form of psychological and therapeutic assistance.

Teens who experience abnormal amounts of anxiety, tend to self medicate with intoxicants such as drugs and alcohol. When negative, self medication takes place, teens are at great risk of developing harmful coping mechanisms that may be life-long lasting.




Anxiety is defined as the state of uneasiness or tension caused by the feeling of worry or nervousness caused by apprehension of possibilities of the future.

Anxiety is a common emotional trait that many people face.  It affects our actions and can prevent us from making decisions.  Usually anxiety holds us back from the types of things that are outgoing or out of our comfort zone and it brings fear. 

Anxiety is a normal experience for most people and is a normal part of life.  However, when the anxiety reaches the level of a disorder then it can be dangerous.  This would include an intense, extensive, excessive and persistent worry or fear.  Another factor that is caused by an anxiety disorder can be anxiety, fear, or terror attacks when the intensity of anxiety becomes very high.  Types of anxiety disorders can include: social anxiety, separation anxiety and many different phobias etc.

Asperger’s Syndrome

The medical dictionary describes Asperger's syndrome as a developmental disorder related to autism and characterized by higher than average intellectual ability coupled with impaired social skills and restrictive, repetitive patterns of interest and activities.

People who suffer from Asperger syndrome generally have few facial expressions, usually limited to anger and misery. Individual's with Asperger syndrome tend to have an excellent memory, are easily and intensely interested in one or two subjects, and appear to be in their "own world" so to speak.

Asperger syndrome is a mild form of autism. Unlike severe forms of autism, individuals who have Asperger syndrome are highly functioning and live relatively normal lives. However, if you are a parent of a child who suffers from Asperger syndrome, it is imperative you seek immediate therapeutic assistance. Teens who have Asperger syndrome are more likely to suffer from depression, stress, and are prone to negative behaviors such as, violent outbursts, and chemical or intoxicant dependency.

Attention deficit - hyperactivity disorder

at·ten·tion def·i·cit dis·or·der
n. noun

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, yet very common condition that effects millions of children in the United States. ADHD is a mixture of several different problems that may include, difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.

Often times, children or teens who struggle with ADHD also have a low self esteem, trouble maintaining relationships and tend to have poor grades in scholastic activities. While symptoms do sometimes subside with age, some individuals never outgrow their ADHD symptoms. With adequate treatment however, these teens can learn how to control their ADHD and use their ailment to their advantage.

While there is no cure for ADHD, treatment can greatly help deal with symptoms. Treatment varies, but usually includes medication and therapy. The earlier the diagnosis of ADHD, the better treatment is able to lessen the symptoms of ADHD. Therefore, it is critical for parents who suspect their child is struggling with ADHD, to find help immediately.


Merriam - Webster's Dictionary defines autism A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by severe deficits in social interaction and communication, by an extremely limited range of activities and interests, and often by the presence of repetitive, stereotyped behaviors.